Total RecallTotal RecallTotal Recall is a look back at the history of video games through their characters, franchises, developers and trends.

Super Mario 64 was a watershed moment for our favorite video game plumber. Mario made the leap into the third dimension and brought a colorful array of characters with him but a major ally was missing: his brother Luigi. Was he just hiding the whole time?

Mario’s brother Luigi has always had his back ever since the pair conquered arcades in 1983. When Mario went missing, Luigi was on the case. But he was notably absent in Super Mario 64.


It’s hard to know the precise origin of the rumors regarding Luigi. The most popular myth centers around what has become known at the “Eternal Star.” It is a statue resting inside of a fountain that can be found on one of the lower levels of the game’s castle hub world.

“Eternal Star” or “L Is Real 2401?”

The statue gained its name from the plaque it bears. Some players claimed that it read “eternal star.” The most interesting fan translation was a coded message: “L Is Real 2401.” It was a sign from the creators according to some. The statue was a key for unlocking Luigi.

Numerous fake methods began to circulate. You had to collect 64 coins and then jump in the fountain. You had to capture the rabbit MIPS and jump into the entrance to Hazy Maze Cave. You had to play the game with a green controller. Older sources have complied some of the best theories. None worked.


Luigi fever reach a breaking point when (later rolled into IGN) placed a $100 dollar bounty on the plumber on November 20th 1996. Anyone who found a legitimate way to unlock him would get the prize money.

“Call us cynical, but prove us wrong, and you get the cash,” the site offered. By the end of the week, no one had claimed the prize.

Nintento Power, Volume 107

The prevalence of the “L Is Real 2401" was so widespread that Nintendo Power referenced it in Volume 107 during April 1998. A page full of fake “April News Briefs” mentioned Luigi 64, a game that supposedly featured everyone from Fox McCloud and the Wave Race runner. The magazine promised to reveal a special code on page 128. The magazine only has 106 pages.


A significant hole was punched into the theory when players noticed plaque on the Eternal Star statue was also in Ocarina of Time. The myth endured largely as a joke to bring up on April Fool’s Day. Fans came to accept that Luigi was not in the game.

Official letters recovered from a fan reveal an explanation from Nintendo representatives at the time. They directly refer to the “L Is Real 2401" message.


“The real answer is that the programmers put it in there as a joke,” Game Play Counselor Michael Chandler says in the letter. “It doesn’t mean anything at all.”

Whether or not that’s true, we do know that Luigi was intended to be in the game thanks to a series of strategy guide translations from shmuplations. In them, game director and Mario creator Shigeru Miyamoto explains what happened.


“Ultimately, due to memory issues, we had to take him out,” Miyamoto said.

Popular ROM hacks add Luigi into Super Mario 64

Luigi did find his way into Super Mario 64 DS as a playable character alongside Yoshi and Wario. Players could unlock him through a secret process in the Big Boo’s Haunt level. ROM hackers have also added him into the original game.

The time has passed to claim IGN’s bounty but the myths remain. The silly tricks, the April Fool’s, and the developer interviews paint a picture of a ridiculous but wonderful moment in gaming history.


Godspeed, Luigi. One of the best things you ever did was nothing at all.

Senior Writer and Critic at Kotaku.

Share This Story

Get our newsletter