Hearthstone’s treasure and adventure-themed Kobolds and Catacombs expansion will be available December 7, and so far it looks like we’re in for some treats: high-powered cards, exciting new mechanics, and more deck options. But it might also be making Hearthstone more impenetrable for new players.

Let’s start with the good. So far, the cards that Blizzard has shown off in advance of the expansion’s release work to introduce a higher skill ceiling to Hearthstone that players have been asking for for a long time. While there are new random chance-based mechanics in the game—like Recruit, which summons a random minion from your deck—these typically involve intricate deckbuilding, careful deck-tracking, and a good game sense to leverage their full potential.

Elsewhere, we’ve got cards like Duskbreaker, which many pro players are calling one of the strongest Hearthstone cards they’ve ever seen. This card, and other new ones like it, make it so that more classes can keep the board clear of minions, allowing them to better survive into the late game. This would carry on a theme that we saw with the most recent Knights of the Frozen Throne expansion: games that last longer, and emphasize more careful play over a longer period of time.

The other product of that kind of play is that we might get to see players actually use some newly-introduced “meme cards,” or cards with amusing interactions that aren’t often viable. Among these cards is King Togwaggle, a big Kobold dude that lets you switch your deck with your opponent’s.

But after looking at a lot of these newly-announced cards, it’s likely that a player will end up wondering what these cards actually do when they play them. That’s because in Kobolds and Catacombs, there’s a lot of extremely confusing card text.

For example: one of the biggest mechanics being introduced in this expansion involves “Spellstone” cards, which become more powerful as certain requirements are met. Onyx Spellstone, the Rogue Spellstone card, will kill one minion for five mana—but will kill two, and then three, minions for the same amount of mana if you play multiple Deathrattle minions.

What’s impossible to know right off the bat is how these spell upgrades actually work. Here are three big questions that came to mind when I saw Spellstone cards for the first time, and the answers that I only found later by doing extra research.

  • Does the Spellstone only upgrade if I meet its requirements while it’s in my hand, or does it upgrade in my deck? (Yes: It only upgrades in-hand.)
  • Can I skip to the Spellstone upgrade level 3 if I meet all the level 3 upgrade requirements with one action? That is, if I gain 6 armor from a single card, does it upgrade the Jasper Spellstone twice, or do I have to gain 3 armor on two separate occasions? (No: upgrade levels can’t be skipped.)
  • If I gain two armor, does that count toward upgrading the Jasper Spellstone, or do I have to gain three armor in one go? (Yes: Two armor will count towards the upgrade.)

None of these questions are answered by the text on the cards themselves, and I actually had to do a pretty good amount of research to find out how these cards work. For the average player, the vagueness of this card text would likely mean that they have to actually do a trial run in a real game—something that seems to go against Hearthstone’s primary virtue of approachable, intuitive gameplay.

Spellstones aren’t the only upcoming cards to suffer from this clarity issue. Multiple Legendary weapons, like the Mage weapon Aluneth and the Warlock weapon Skull of the Man’ari, have 3 durability, but apparently don’t lose durability unless an opponent damages or destroys them. This would be different from pretty much every other weapon in the game, which lose durability when their effects trigger.

Another example: The recently-announced Shaman card Unstable Evolution reads, “Transform a friendly minion into one that costs (1) more. Repeatable this turn.” Repeatable how? Once? Infinitely? If I want to plan my turn correctly, I need to know how this card works, and the only way to find out at this point is by looking online.

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Unstable Evolution is so vague that Principal Game Designer Mike Donais actually had to step into a Reddit thread and clarify that it can be used as many times during a turn as a player wants, provided they have enough mana, but then it disappears.

While this nitpicking about language and consistency might sound petty, it actually has a ton of implications in a language-based game like Hearthstone, where games are often won or lost based on a knowledge of the mechanics.

In the past, Blizzard has repeatedly emphasized that it wants, above all else, for cards to be clear in their functionality. This September, when the team nerfed the card Fiery War Axe—a two-mana 3/2 weapon from the classic set and a relatively easy one to decipher—Game Director Ben Brode explained that the move was partially to make the card more “intuitive,” saying that it is “generally better to make things intuitive when possible. The game is fun when you’re learning about the strategy options and learning from them, not necessarily being surprised by things working differently than you previously memorized.”

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This would seem to be at odds with many of the cards revealed thus far for Kobolds and Catacombs. Sometimes, to pave the way for more sophisticated interactions, you have to make mechanics more complex. For now, I have to wonder what’s being done to combat the compounding effects of confusing card text. Will Blizzard offer better tooltips to clarify how cards work? Will it make a more reliable online resource for players to look up the specifics?

Whatever the case, if Hearthstone ends up going in a direction where a pre-existing knowledge of mechanics is a much more important part of playing the game, I shouldn’t have to scrounge through the forums to figure out how a card is going to work when I play it.