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Usually when an anime hits its halfway point, I like to give a point-by-point review of its first half. However, in the case of Samurai Flamenco, this has proven impossible for me. Because depending on how the series so far is interpreted, it's either brilliant or terrible—and I can't seem to decide which.

[Note: This article contains massive spoilers for Samurai Flamenco. You have been warned.]

It's Terrible If:

It's taken at face value.

At the start of its broadcast run, there was no better way to describe Samurai Flamenco than as “Kick-Ass, the anime.” Both stories share a similar premise. Set in our world—aka, one with all our rules, physical laws, and lack of superheroes—a young man decides to don a costume and head out on the street to fight crime. (However, the titular character of Kick-Ass is inspired by Western superhero comics to begin crime fighting, while the titular character of Samurai Flamenco is inspired by shows like Kamen Rider and Power Rangers.)


With this premise in place, Samurai Flamenco must deal with everything from the real hazards of leading a double life to the fact that passion alone won't win a fistfight—as he goes from being a joke to a legitimately respected protector of the weak, thanks to viral media.

As this tale is presented as a lighthearted comedy set in the real world, it all works relatively well. But then comes the twist: At the end of the seventh episode, when participating in a drug bust as a police PR stunt, a drug dealer runs into the back room... and transforms into a giant talking gorilla with a guillotine for a torso. It then proceeds to use said guillotine to chop off a cop's head before Samurai Flamenco and his police sidekick are able to push it out a second story window to its death.


From then on the tone of the anime changes completely. Suddenly it is no longer set in the real world but in a world much like Kamen Rider where the stereotypical big bad sends a monster of the week to fight the hero. The monsters even explode when defeated.

This plot twist and resulting shift in tone is frankly terrible. I have heard people say the twist is great because “you never saw it coming”—which is the very thing that makes it so terrible. There is no foreshadowing for it whatsoever and, moreover, it completely changes the nature of the world and everything we have learned about it so far. It's akin to, if at the climax of Kick-Ass, Superman suddenly burst through the wall and defeated all the mobsters. The existence of a real monster is the antithesis of the world which we have seen developed over the course of the series so far—and it only gets more absurd as we see Samurai Flamenco defeat these monsters with increasingly more sci-fi-ey gadgets.


But worse than this shift are the moments when the tone swerves back into the realm of real world violence with characters being tortured in brutal ways. It feels like the show cannot pick what it wants to be.


Then, after the Kamen Rider homage is finished, the series undergoes another drastic shift in tone as it becomes a Power Rangers show complete with secret bases, megazords, and monsters that grow to a giant size after their initial defeat. This second major plot shift again changes the entire nature of the world. Now, humanity apparently has the ability to build mechs, ray guns, and mind-linking power armor. And as the series, to this point, has only covered a several month period in Samurai Flamenco's life, this means that all this was developed and built in this time.

The second setting shift also shows off the series’ other major flaw: the blatant inconsistency with how the characters are written. Red Axe, a former Kamen Rider-style TV star, starts as a washed up actor—not to mention complete coward—trying to cash in on Samurai Flamenco's fame. After the first twist, he is revealed to be an actual, competent, power-armored super hero in his own right. In the third arc, it's revealed that all the times he made excuses not to help Samurai Flamenco fight crime, he was actually building/training a team of Power Rangers—a team that he is now the commander of.


Other characters, both big and small, have similar shifts in characterization to fit the stereotypical roles that the new settings require. In the Kamen Rider section, the Japanese prime minister is shown to be weak-willed and indecisive. Yet, in the Power Rangers section, he is the strong, competent leader who calls in to congratulate the team after a victory over the monsters. Also, there is a sub arc running throughout the first half of the anime about Samurai Flamenco lying to his manager (he is an idol in his real-life identity) about his alter ego. Yet this arc is completely dropped after one of the tone shifts—one moment she’s an overly strict manager, irate that he lied to her; the next she is happy and supportive.

In other words, if taken at face value, the entire plot, setting, and characterization in Samurai Flamenco is a total mess as they seem to change on a whim.


It's Brilliant If:

All the above schizophrenia in story tone, setting, and characterization are indicative of Samurai Flamenco's mental breakdown.


Let's go back to the Kick-Ass-themed section of the story, just before the series' first major shift in tone. In this episode, Samurai Flamenco discovers that instead of dying in an accident as he had been told, his parents had been victims of a random murder while traveling in America. Sadly, the killing was never solved and the most mention their deaths ever got was a small half-column in a local newspaper.

Samurai Flamenco is thrown into emotional turmoil because of this. He feels betrayed by his grandfather who never told him the truth before he, too, passed away. He feels like he should be sadder that the parents he never knew were violently killed. But he also feels that perhaps he should even be happy with the news—after all, what more of a classic superhero origin is there than one where the hero’s parents are murdered. When he goes to his cop friend for help, he gets little more than platitudes before a nearby mugging allows him an easy escape back into living his fantasy of being a hero.

Then, the very next scene is the drug bust where the dealer becomes the giant ape—and his parents’ deaths are never mentioned again.


If we assume that because of the revelation of his parents’ deaths, Samurai Flamenco begins his fall into a complete mental breakdown at this point in the story, the rest of the story can be interpreted in a very different fashion: Samurai Flamenco's ongoing delusion.

While it could be argued that everything from the drug bust on is simply all in Samurai Flamenco's head while he rocks back and forth in the corner of a padded room, I think it's more likely that we are seeing events happening in the real world as Samurai Flamenco sees them in his delusional state. There was no ape monster, just a drug dealer that shot a cop. There are no monsters. Rather, Samurai Flamenco is tracking down related drug dealers one by one, killing them, and leaving his cop sidekick to handle the mess. Then, when the big bad—i.e., the drug kingpin—kidnaps and tortures the people close to Samurai Flamenco, Samurai Flamenco is finally able to track him down and kill him also. This also is the point where Samurai Flamenco reveals his secret identity to the world.


And from that point on—the Power Rangers arc where everything becomes insanely surreal—he may be in a padded cell rocking as he daydreams about running through the streets with a team of like-minded vigilantes, killing off the baddies they come across. Or maybe the vigilante team scenario is really happening, and it is only his delusional spiral downward that sees it from a Power Rangers perspective. I honestly don't know.

So when it comes down to it, I'm not sure whether I love Samurai Flamenco or hate it. At face value, it is a terribly-written mess with no internal consistency. However, if all the bad writing is actually a hint of Samurai Flamenco's insanity—showing the world as he sees it in a delusional state, it is actually a great twist and an excellent use of a first-person narrative in an anime.


But which interpretation is true? Or perhaps neither is true. We may have to wait until the series ends in March to find out.

Samurai Flamenco is currently airing on Fuji TV in Japan. It can be viewed for free with English subtitles on Crunchyroll and Hulu.

Kotaku East is your slice of Asian internet culture, bringing you the latest talking points from Japan, Korea, China and beyond. Tune in every morning from 4am to 8am.


To contact the author of this post, write to BiggestinJapan@gmail.com or find him on Twitter @BiggestinJapan.