Spoiler Warning: Plot details from The Dark Knight Rises get discussed below. If you haven't seen the movie yet and want to go in unspoiled, stop reading now.
One of the things I liked most about The Dark Knight Rises is how it reconfigures elements from various Batman storylines into its own compelling experience. The bigger influences are obvious: Bruce Wayne's retirement from being Batman clearly invokes the classic The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller, Klaus Janson and Lynn Varley. The presence of Bane draws on the multipart Knightfall storyline from the 1990s, done by Chuck Dixon and various other creators.